POLYAS Election Glossary

We provide explanations and background information on elections, voting rights and digital democracy


A resolution is a decision an organization makes to take a particular course of action. Organizations, such as mutuals, can pass resolutions which dictate the way the organization will be run by either members or simply by the board of directors on behalf of members. In both cases, resolutions can be passed during meetings or through written resolution.

Members’ resolutions

Members’ resolutions come in two forms: ordinary resolutions and special resolutions. Ordinary resolutions may be passed by a simple majority, whereas special resolutions require a majority of at least 75 percent in order to be passed.

Directors’ resolutions

Directors’ resolutions are voted upon at board meetings and generally only require a simple majority to be passed. However, in certain cases where an organization’s bylaws allow it, resolutions may take on different forms.

See also: Mutuals, credit union, cooperatives

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