POLYAS Election Glossary

We provide explanations and background information on elections, voting rights and digital democracy

US Congress

The US Congress is the federal legislative branch of government in the United States. It is a bicameral legislature, which means that it consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Article One of the United States Constitution details the allocation of powers to Congress, the most important of which is its exclusive exercise of legislative power. 

It furthermore states that the US Congress shall meet at least once per year, although nowadays the US Congress meets on average around 140 days each year, with a recess taking place every August. Congress meets at the United States Capitol in Washington D.C., also known as Capitol Hill. 

See also: Branches of Government, Legislature, House of Representatives, US Senate

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